Difference between kwashiorkor and marasmus pdf

Posted on Saturday, November 28, 2020 12:21:17 PM Posted by Harlewerchee1996 - 28.11.2020 and pdf, free pdf 0 Comments

difference between kwashiorkor and marasmus pdf

File Name: difference between kwashiorkor and marasmus .zip

Size: 1163Kb

Published: 28.11.2020

The relationship between protein energy malnutrition PEM and malaria is controversial. While most studies demonstrate that PEM is associated with greater malaria morbidity, some indicate that PEM may in fact have a protective effect. None of the studies concerning PEM and malaria seem to distinguish between these subgroups, and significant differences in susceptibility to malaria between these subgroups may have been overlooked. Plasmodium parasites and malaria infected erythrocytes are sensitive to oxidative stress.

Service Unavailable in EU region

Marasmus is a form of severe malnutrition characterized by energy deficiency. It can occur in anyone with severe malnutrition but usually occurs in children. It can be distinguished from kwashiorkor in that kwashiorkor is protein deficiency with adequate energy intake whereas marasmus is inadequate energy intake in all forms, including protein. This clear-cut separation of marasmus and kwashiorkor is however not always clinically evident as kwashiorkor is often seen in a context of insufficient caloric intake, and mixed clinical pictures, called marasmic kwashiorkor, are possible. Protein wasting in kwashiorkor generally leads to edema and ascites , while muscular wasting and loss of subcutaneous fat are the main clinical signs of marasmus. The prognosis is better than it is for kwashiorkor [4] but half of severely malnourished children die due to unavailability of adequate treatment. Marasmus is commonly represented by a shrunken, wasted appearance, loss of muscle mass and subcutaneous fat mass.

Kwashiorkor

NCBI Bookshelf. Onecia Benjamin ; Sarah L. Authors Onecia Benjamin 1 ; Sarah L. Lappin 2. Kwashiorkor is a disease marked by severe protein malnutrition and bilateral extremity swelling.

Most users should sign in with their email address. If you originally registered with a username please use that to sign in. To purchase short term access, please sign in to your Oxford Academic account above. Don't already have an Oxford Academic account? Oxford University Press is a department of the University of Oxford. It furthers the University's objective of excellence in research, scholarship, and education by publishing worldwide.

Kwashiorkor is the severe protein deficiency in the children, while marasmus is the severe deficiency of the nutrients and insufficient intake of calorie. This is the primary difference between the two. Protein-energy malnutrition PEM or Protein-calorie malnutrition PCM is the result of the deficiency of the carbohydrates, fats and especially proteins. The above two diseases, which are kwashiorkor and marasmus, are the commonest among such deficiencies and is frequently occurs in infants and children between 1 — 5 years of age. This is the reason for the mortality rate among children below the age of 5 years and even their sickness. These diseases are noticed in developing and emerging countries, due to lack of healthy and nutritious food, with the lack of sanitization, as this can cause bacterial infections in such children. In this article, we will discuss the general differences between the two types of disease, that are life-threatening for the children upto five years, if they are not provided with the proper and healthy diet, which are rich in fats, carbohydrates and proteins.

Kwashiorkor and Marasmus: What’s the Difference?

Kwashiorkor is a type of nutrition deficiency disorder, which results from a severe protein deficiency. The patients suffering from Kwashiorkor have an emaciated appearance all over the body. They have a type of swelling in the ankles, feet and belly. Kwashiorkor is most common in rural areas, especially in the sub-urban regions and areas with low food supply are more prone to this disease.

Your body needs calories, protein, and overall general nutrients to function. Without adequate nutrition, your muscles waste away, your bones become brittle, and your thinking become foggy. Calories are units of energy your body needs to function. Your body also needs a large amount of protein. Without enough protein, you may not be able to easily heal injuries or wounds.

Difference Between Kwashiorkor and Marasmus

A 'difference between' Site. Simple point wise difference between biology, physics and chemistry. Major Differences. When balanced diet is not consumed by a person for a sufficient length of time, it leads to nutritional deficiencies or disorders. The nutritional status is called malnutrition.

Most users should sign in with their email address. If you originally registered with a username please use that to sign in. To purchase short term access, please sign in to your Oxford Academic account above. Don't already have an Oxford Academic account? Oxford University Press is a department of the University of Oxford. It furthers the University's objective of excellence in research, scholarship, and education by publishing worldwide. Sign In or Create an Account.

COMMENT 0

LEAVE A COMMENT