Philosophies of art and beauty pdf
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- Introduction: The Place of Beauty in Contemporary Aesthetics
- Aesthetics vs. Art
- Philosophies of Art and Beauty: Selected Readings in Aesthetics from Plato to Heidegger
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Aesthetics covers both natural and artificial sources of aesthetic experience and judgment. It considers what happens in our minds when we engage with aesthetic objects or environments such as in viewing visual art, listening to music, reading poetry, experiencing a play, exploring nature, and so on. The philosophy of art specifically studies how artists imagine, create, and perform works of art, as well as how people use, enjoy, and criticize their art. It deals with how one feels about art in general, why they like some works of art and not others, and how art can affect our moods or even our beliefs.
Introduction: The Place of Beauty in Contemporary Aesthetics
The nature of beauty is one of the most enduring and controversial themes in Western philosophy, and is—with the nature of art—one of the two fundamental issues in philosophical aesthetics. Beauty has traditionally been counted among the ultimate values, with goodness, truth, and justice. It is a primary theme among ancient Greek, Hellenistic, and medieval philosophers, and was central to eighteenth and nineteenth-century thought, as represented in treatments by such thinkers as Shaftesbury, Hutcheson, Hume, Burke, Kant, Schiller, Hegel, Schopenhauer, Hanslick, and Santayana. By the beginning of the twentieth century, beauty was in decline as a subject of philosophical inquiry, and also as a primary goal of the arts. However, there were signs of revived interest by the early s. This article will begin with a sketch of the debate over whether beauty is objective or subjective, which is perhaps the single most-prosecuted disagreement in the literature.
Aesthetics vs. Art
While some people take the field of aesthetics, broadly construed, to include the philosophy of art, it is instructive to examine whether and where the two notions diverge. But the distinction can be made clear: the study of aesthetics is the study of the felt quality of perceptions of the senses, while the study of art is the study of the historical practice of making art objects. Some have argued that these are co-extensive pursuits; we will see that this is not so. In this essay, I will show that aesthetic properties are neither necessary nor sufficient for art, and identify some issues that remain. The distinction between the two is perhaps made most perspicuous by showing the difference between aesthetic and artistic properties. However, there are several reasons to resist this conclusion. There is much research into the aesthetics of various domains that do not standardly contain artworks.
The third edition is greatly enhanced by new chapters on art and beauty, the performing arts and modern art, and new sections on Aristotle, Hegel and. Nietzsche.
Philosophies of Art and Beauty: Selected Readings in Aesthetics from Plato to Heidegger
Philosophy of art , the study of the nature of art, including concepts such as interpretation, representation and expression, and form. It is closely related to aesthetics , the philosophical study of beauty and taste. The philosophy of art is distinguished from art criticism , which is concerned with the analysis and evaluation of particular works of art.
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It tends always to give us their sensible essence, their presence, this is why the image it forms does not resemble their appearance [ The present essay proposes to compare and contrast the relationship between natural beauty and art beauty as it is conceived by Kant, Hegel and Adorno. Equally important, relate their works in Aesthetics and inside-out world.