Origins of hiv and aids pdf
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You can also download materials to share or watch videos on basic information about HIV. The only way to know for sure whether you have HIV is to get tested. Some people have flu-like symptoms within 2 to 4 weeks after infection called acute HIV infection.
A Timeline of HIV and AIDS
The human immunodeficiency virus, or HIV, is a virus that attacks the immune system, specifically CD4 cells or T cells. The virus is transmitted through bodily fluids such as blood, semen, vaginal fluids, anal fluids, and breast milk. Historically, HIV has most often been spread through unprotected sex, the sharing of needles for drug use, and through birth. A person with AIDS is very vulnerable to cancer and to life-threatening infections, such as pneumonia. Scientists have traced the origin of HIV back to chimpanzees and simian immunodeficiency virus SIV , an HIV-like virus that attacks the immune system of monkeys and apes.
Today, HIV human immunodeficiency virus remains one of the largest pandemics in the world. Before the s, researchers estimate that about , to , people were living with HIV. The earliest case in North America was confirmed in , in Robert Rayford, a year-old who never left the Midwest and never received a blood transfusion. Originally people believed that only certain people were at risk for HIV. The number of cases continued to grow as the CDC refined their case definition, and scientists learned more about the virus.
History of HIV/AIDS
The History of HIV and AIDS in the United States
Details of the origin of HIV remain unclear. However, a lentivirus that is genetically similar to HIV has been found in chimpanzees and gorillas in western equatorial Africa. That virus is known as simian immunodeficiency virus SIV , and it was once widely thought to be harmless in chimpanzees. SIV-infected chimpanzees have a death rate that is 10 to 16 times higher than their uninfected counterparts. The practice of hunting, butchering, and eating the meat of chimpanzees may have allowed transmission of the virus to humans, probably in the late 19th or early 20th century.