Parts and function of microscope pdf
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Microbiology, the branch of science that has so vastly extended and expanded our knowledge of the living world, owes its existence to Antony van Leeuwenhoek. In , with the aid of a crude microscope consisting of a biconcave lens enclosed in two metal plates, Leeuwenhoek introduced the world to the existence of microbial forms of life. Over the years, microscopes have evolved from the simple, single-lens instrument of Leeuwenhoek, with a magnification of , to the present-day electron microscopes capable of magnifications greater than ,
One of the wonders of the scientific world is that so much of what goes on is invisible to the naked eye. Invented in by a Dutch optician named Zacharias Janssen, the compound or light microscope gives students and scientists a close-up view of tiny structures like cells and bacteria. Read on to find out more about microscope parts and how to use them. The eyepiece contains the ocular lens, which the user looks through to see the magnified specimen. The ocular lens has a magnification that can range from 5x to 30x, but 10x or 15x is the most common setting.
Though modern microscopes can be high-tech, microscopes have existed for centuries — this brass optical microscope dates to , and was made in Munich, Germany. A microscope is an instrument that is used to magnify small objects. Some microscopes can even be used to observe an object at the cellular level, allowing scientists to see the shape of a cell , its nucleus, mitochondria , and other organelles. While the modern microscope has many parts, the most important pieces are its lenses. A simple light microscope manipulates how light enters the eye using a convex lens , where both sides of the lens are curved outwards.
Microscope Parts & Specifications
This section provides an overview of the parts of a petrographic microscope and what each part does. It is also a good review for a student who has used a petrographic microscope in a previous class but needs a refresher on the anatomy of a microscope. Look at the diagrams of the petrographic microscope and its parts in Figures 4. List all that you feel you completely understand how to use here:. In how many places is the thin section image magnified in a petrographic microscope? How do you determine the magnification of the image?
Before exploring the parts of a compound microscope , you should probably understand that the compound light microscope is more complicated than just a microscope with more than one lens. First, the purpose of a microscope is to magnify a small object or to magnify the fine details of a larger object in order to examine minute specimens that cannot be seen by the naked eye. Eyepiece: The lens the viewer looks through to see the specimen. The eyepiece usually contains a 10X or 15X power lens. Diopter Adjustment: Useful as a means to change focus on one eyepiece so as to correct for any difference in vision between your two eyes. Body tube Head : The body tube connects the eyepiece to the objective lenses.
lens. Arm: It supports the tube of the microscope and connects to the base of the microscope. Stage: The platform that is flat used for placing the slides under observation. Stage clip: Stage clips hold the slides in proper place.
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Eyepiece Lens: the lens at the top of the microscope that you look through. They eyepiece is usually 10x or 15x power. Illuminator: A steady light source v used in place of a mirror.