Transfer of power and indian independence act 1947 pdf
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- All about the Indian Independence Act that partitioned the country
- From Empire to Independence: The British Raj in India 1858-1947
- INDIA (TRANSFER OF POWER)
Jump to navigation. The Indian Independence Act, which was based on the Mountbatten plan of June 3, was passed by the British parliament on July 5, and received royal assent or approval on July 18, After an extensive and almost a century-long freedom movement, the British were finally convinced that the government and the ruling authority had to be passed on to Indian hands. On February 20, , the British House of Commons had declared their intention of abandoning the authority over the Indian sub-continent. The then-British Prime Minister Clement Attlee announced that Lord Mountbatten will be sent to make the final arrangements to transfer the power.
All about the Indian Independence Act that partitioned the country
A fter sensing the huge resistance to British rule in India, which undoubtedly emerged from the nonviolent mass movement for independence led by Mahatma Gandhi, the British took a political decision after World War II to leave India and began the decolonisation process. If it had done so, there would have been an anarchy. The British decided to transfer power by legal method, to avoid any discontinuity or hiatus even in the eyes of International law. However, the Indian Independence Act of ; though it constitutes a title to the Constitution of India being a source of power, is the least known even among students of Constitutional law. How did the British acquire sovereignty over India is rooted in unpleasant chapters of history. India was a geographical entity unconnected to political boundaries ruled by different dynasties, at different times and in different parts from Kabul to Kanyakumari.
From Empire to Independence: The British Raj in India 1858-1947
The Indian Independence Act [ c. The legislature representatives of the Indian National Congress ,  the Muslim League ,  and the Sikh community  came to an agreement with Lord Mountbatten on what has come to be known as the 3 June Plan or Mountbatten Plan. This plan was the last plan for independence. Attlee wrote to Mountbatten on 18 March "It is, of course, important that the Indian States should adjust their relations with the authorities to whom it is intended to hand over power in British India; but as was explicitly stated by the Cabinet Mission His Majesty's Government do not intend to hand over their powers and obligations under paramountcy to any successor Government. It is not intended to bring paramountcy as a system to a conclusion earlier than the date of the final transfer of power, but you are authorised, at such time as you think appropriate, to enter into negotiations with individual States for adjusting their relations with the Crown. The princely states would be free from orders and treaties of British Rule in India.
The Indian Independence Act of was the last legislation of the British Parliament with the intent of creating independent India. Here through this article we are providing you a short note on Independence Act as well as a list of its provisions. The Government of India Act failed to satisfy the Indian demands. In the Congress reiterated its demand to form a Constituent Assembly to frame a Constitution for free India. This demand was raised by the British. The Indian National Congress was opposed to extend any help. The British realized the importance of India in combating Japan.
INDIA (TRANSFER OF POWER)
I desire to make an important statement on Indian policy. A similar statement is being made at the same time in another place, and by the Viceroy in New Delhi. The statement, in the form of a White Paper, will be available this afternoon. I am glad to inform the House that the plan contained in the announcement which I am about to make, including the offer of Dominion status to one or two successor authorities, has been favourably received by all three parties represented at the Conferences held by the Viceroy with the Indian leaders during the past two days. Before making this statement, I would like to express the gratitude and appreciation of His Majesty's Government for the great services which the Viceroy has rendered.
British Broadcasting Corporation Home. How was the Raj transformed from the jewel in Britain's imperial crown to the independent nations of India and Pakistan? Inevitably, the consequences of this bloody rupture marked the nature of political, social and economic rule that the British established in its wake.