Clinical signs and symptoms of tuberculosis pdf
File Name: clinical signs and symptoms of tuberculosis .zip
- Tuberculosis Symptoms and Diagnosis
- Signs & Symptoms
- All you need to know about tuberculosis (TB)
- Tuberculosis (TB)
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Tuberculosis Symptoms and Diagnosis
Tuberculosis TB , infectious disease that is caused by the tubercle bacillus , Mycobacterium tuberculosis. In most forms of the disease, the bacillus spreads slowly and widely in the lungs , causing the formation of hard nodules tubercles or large cheeselike masses that break down the respiratory tissues and form cavities in the lungs. Blood vessels also can be eroded by the advancing disease, causing the infected person to cough up bright red blood. During the 18th and 19th centuries, tuberculosis reached near-epidemic proportions in the rapidly urbanizing and industrializing societies of Europe and North America. Since the s, antibiotic drugs have reduced the span of treatment to months instead of years, and drug therapy has done away with the old TB sanatoriums where patients at one time were nursed for years while the defensive properties of their bodies dealt with the disease. Today, in less-developed countries where population is dense and hygienic standards poor, tuberculosis remains a major fatal disease. In addition, the successful elimination of tuberculosis as a major threat to public health in the world has been complicated by the rise of new strains of the tubercle bacillus that are resistant to conventional antibiotics.
Signs & Symptoms
The bacterium Mycobacterium tuberculosis causes tuberculosis TB , a contagious, airborne infection that destroys body tissue. Pulmonary TB occurs when M. However, it can spread from there to other organs. Pulmonary TB is curable with an early diagnosis and antibiotic treatment. Pulmonary TB, also known as consumption, spread widely as an epidemic during the 18th and 19th centuries in North America and Europe. After the discovery of antibiotics like streptomycin and especially isoniazid, along with improved living standards, doctors were better able to treat and control the spread of TB.
All you need to know about tuberculosis (TB)
Tuberculosis TB is a potentially serious infectious disease that mainly affects your lungs. The bacteria that cause tuberculosis are spread from one person to another through tiny droplets released into the air via coughs and sneezes. Once rare in developed countries, tuberculosis infections began increasing in , partly because of the emergence of HIV, the virus that causes AIDS. HIV weakens a person's immune system so it can't fight the TB germs.
Tuberculosis TB is an infectious disease that usually affects the lungs, though it can affect any organ in the body. It can develop when bacteria spread through droplets in the air. TB can be fatal, but in many cases, it is preventable and treatable. Following improvements in living conditions and the development of antibiotics , the prevalence of TB fell dramatically in industrialized countries.
A person with latent, or inactive, TB will have no symptoms. You may still have a TB infection, but the bacteria in your body is not yet causing harm. You may experience other symptoms related to the function of a specific organ or system that is affected. Coughing up blood or mucus sputum is a sign of in TB of the lungs.
Tuberculosis TB is an infection with a germ bacterium called Mycobacterium tuberculosis. If you have symptoms, or a doctor can find signs of the infection when examining you, this is known as active TB. If you have TB infection without any signs or symptoms, this is known as latent TB.
What is TB?
The participants were divided into 2 groups. It was found that the prevalence rate of new pulmonary tuberculosis in Diabetes Mellitus was Mostly were in the age range of years, representing 59 cases per 1, diabetes mellitus and living outside the municipality, representing The results showed that Pulmonary tuberculosis prevalence rate in diabetic patients was at a high level. The findings suggest that screening clinical signs and symptoms for all diabetic patients should be addressed.
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