Hazardous and radioactive waste treatment technologies handbook pdf
File Name: hazardous and radioactive waste treatment technologies handbook .zip
- Emerging Technologies in Hazardous Waste Management 8
- Handbook of Advanced Radioactive Waste Conditioning Technologies
Emerging Technologies in Hazardous Waste Management 8
It seems that you're in Germany. We have a dedicated site for Germany. Editors: Tedder , D. William, Pohland , Frederick G. Several long-term trends in technology evolution have become apparent since these symposia began in
Not a MyNAP member yet? Register for a free account to start saving and receiving special member only perks. The focus of this chapter is on the fourth charge of the statement of task for this study see Box 2. The following waste processing technologies are described in this chapter, and their key attributes are summarized in Table 4. The size of the batch varies by technology. The processing capacity depends on a multiplicity of factors, including the time scales of various physical process e. For LAW the production rate could be up to 25 tonnes per day.
Handbook of Advanced Radioactive Waste Conditioning Technologies
June 28, — December 13, RL Radioactive waste is a byproduct of nuclear weapons production, commercial nuclear power generation, and the naval reactor program. Waste byproducts also result from radioisotopes used for scientific, medical, and industrial purposes. The legislative definitions adopted for radioactive wastes, for the most part, refer to the processes that generated the wastes. Thus, waste disposal policies have tended to link the processes to uniquely tailored disposal solutions. Consequently, the origin of the waste, rather than its radiologic characteristics, often determines its fate. These materials were later defined by the Atomic Energy Act of as special nuclear materials, along with other materials that the former Atomic Energy Commission AEC determined were capable of releasing energy through nuclear fission.
Chapter 2: Compaction processes and technology for treatment and conditioning of radioactive waste. Chapter 3: Incineration and plasma processes and technology for treatment and conditioning of radioactive waste. Chapter 4: Application of inorganic cements to the conditioning and immobilisation of radioactive wastes. Chapter 6: Historical development of glass and ceramic waste forms for high level radioactive wastes. Chapter 7: Decommissioning of nuclear facilities and environmental remediation: generation and management of radioactive and other wastes. Chapter Development of waste packages for the disposal of radioactive waste: French experience. Chapter Failure mechanisms of high level nuclear waste forms in storage and geological disposal conditions.
The topic of hazardous material management and transport, especially nuclear waste, is gaining even more importance in theoretical and professional research, as well as in the everyday life in the EU countries, since the awareness of environmental protection and safety is on the rise. Nevertheless, the implications of transport of nuclear waste are an increasing concern of other European countries non EU , especially in the Balkans. Furthermore, this topic has significant political and security implications on the global level, since nuclear waste storage and transport is prone to potential terrorist attacks.
Treatment and conditioning processes are used to convert a wide variety of radioactive waste materials into forms that are suitable for their subsequent management, including transportation, storage and final disposal. The principal aims are to:. It is important to note that, while treatment processes such as compaction and incineration reduce the volume of waste, the amount of radioactivity remains the same. As such, the radioactivity of the waste will become more concentrated as the volume is reduced.