Message authentication and hash functions pdf

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message authentication and hash functions pdf

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This chapter introduces two primitives used in authentication and data integrity: cryptographic hash functions and Message Authentication Codes. While these primitives can be based on symmetric key ciphers and occasionally public key ciphers , in many cases they are custom-designed algorithms to meet the specific needs for authentication. Before introducing the two primitives, take note of the following terminology used, which may vary across sources. We will mainly refer to each technique as a hash function or Message Authentication Code. Hash functions are algorithms used in different aspects of computing and IT, and especially important in cryptography. We often distinguish between different hash functions used for general computing purposes versus those used in cryptography based on the properties of the function.

In the last chapter, we discussed the data integrity threats and the use of hashing technique to detect if any modification attacks have taken place on the data. Another type of threat that exist for data is the lack of message authentication. In this threat, the user is not sure about the originator of the message. Message authentication can be provided using the cryptographic techniques that use secret keys as done in case of encryption. MAC algorithm is a symmetric key cryptographic technique to provide message authentication.

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Cryptography Made Simple pp Cite as. A cryptographic hash function H is a function which takes arbitrary length bit strings as input and produces a fixed-length bit string as output; the output is often called a digest, hashcode or hash value. Hash functions are used a lot in computer science, but the crucial difference between a standard hash function and a cryptographic hash function is that a cryptographic hash function should at least have the property of being one-way. Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF. Skip to main content.

In information security , message authentication or data origin authentication is a property that a message has not been modified while in transit data integrity and that the receiving party can verify the source of the message. Message authentication is typically achieved by using message authentication codes MACs , authenticated encryption AE or digital signatures. Some cryptographers distinguish between "message authentication without secrecy" systems — which allow the intended receiver to verify the source of the message, but they don't bother hiding the plaintext contents of the message — from authenticated encryption systems. Data origin authentication and non-repudiation have been also studied in the framework of quantum cryptography. This cryptography-related article is a stub.


Fall Chapter 11 – Message Authentication and. Hash Functions. Dr. Lo'ai Tawalbeh. Computer Engineering Department. Jordan University of Science and​.


Message Authentication

The key reasons behind this are the free availability, flexibility of changing the hash function and reasonable speed, among others. We consider the security of message authentication code MAC algorithms, and the construction of MACs from fast hash functions. HMAC, as noted, relies on a hash. For some constructions, we present enhanced key recovery attacks.

Make Submissions Propose a Special Issue. Download PDF. To ensure the security during the communication, we often adopt different ways to encrypt the messages to resist various attacks. However, with the computing power improving, the existing encryption and authentication schemes are being faced with big challenges.

Message Authentication

Limitations of MAC

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