Philippine politics and governance pdf
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- Essay about philippine politics and governance
- Philippine Politics and Governance [Full Text]
- Philippine Politics and Governance [Full Text]
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Essay about philippine politics and governance
Submit Search. Home Explore. Successfully reported this slideshow. We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime. Politics and Governance in the Philippines. Upcoming SlideShare. Like this presentation? Why not share! Politics and governance with consti Embed Size px. Start on. Show related SlideShares at end. WordPress Shortcode.
Full Name Comment goes here. Are you sure you want to Yes No. Michaella Tabogoc. Anna Coleen Nitura. Rosevie Padua. Show More. No Downloads. Views Total views. Actions Shares. No notes for slide. Politics and Governance in the Philippines 1. Espino 2. Politics - denotes a social activity - is the creation,maintenance and amendment of social norms or rules. ORDER - Is the central to the study of politics because it shows different components of human society.
STATE - is the largest social order today and in which the term politics originally derived. The possession to govern or rule the state. Importance of Studying Governance Governance, the people, most especially the citizens, will be aware of the need for good governance. Consequently, such awareness should move them to action. For their continued empowerment and sustainable development, they have to know how to fight for their rights by knowing what to expect from Philippine governance.
Implementation is the process that logically follows the decision. A structure refers to an organization or mechanism that formally or informally guides the decision-making process and sets into motion the different actors and apparatuses in the implementation process.
Most often than not, these actors are the cause of corruption, in that legitimate government objectives are distorted by their illegal and private interests. Worse, they manipulate government officials and agencies, and cause widespread yet organized violence in the community.
In urban and rural areas, for example, the rich and powerful families control the economy by controlling the local government officials. They bring about a controlled environment so that decisions must always favor them. Participation - active involvement of all affected and interested parties in the decision-making process.
Participation is one of the strengths of Philippine governance. The Philippine Constitution is replete of provisions dealing with relational and inter-sectoral governance. The Local Government Act of was borne out of the need for decentralization in Philippine governance. As such, these and other related legislations may be considered as normative standards for good governance. Rule of Law - Democracy is essentially the rule of law. It also demands that the government acts within the limits of the powers and functions prescribed by the law.
The Philippines does not fare well in this aspect of good governance. In spite of being one of the oldest democracies in the region, the Philippines ranked as last among seven indexed Asian countries according to the World Justice Project Rule of Law Index.
Order and security are compromised and criminal justice is rendered ineffectual. Effectiveness and Efficiency - actors meet the needs of the society means that there is effective governance. That the valuable resources are utilized, without wasting or underutilizing any of them, means that there is efficient governance. Efforts were made to attain effectiveness and efficiency in Philippine governance. Also, many government departments and agencies pursued a rationalization program to check excessive and redundant staffing.
Transparency - Transparency, as an indicator of good governance, means that people are open to information regarding decision-making process and the implementation of the same. In legal terms, it means that information on matters of public concern are made available to the citizens or those who will be directly affected. Efforts were made in pursuit of transparency in Philippine governance. As far as the government sector is concerned, the current administration, consistent with its drive of curbing corruption, promotes honesty and integrity in public service.
Transparency in budget and disbursements are, however, still far from being substantially implemented. Responsiveness - means that institutions and processes serve all stakeholders in a timely and appropriate manner. It also means that actors and structures of governance easily give genuine expression to the will or desire of the people.
First, through decentralization, local governments, which are more proximate to their constituents, serve more promptly the people, who in turn become more involved in decision-making. Agencies now must also respond to written queries sent by the stakeholders or interested parties within a period of ten days, otherwise there will be delayed service. Although the ARTA has been passed, there is still so much delay in public service delivery.
The failure of the government agencies to explain the charters to the stakeholders is one of the main reasons why there is still delay. Equity and Inclusiveness - Equity and inclusiveness means that all the members of the society, especially the most vulnerable ones or the grassroots level, must be taken into consideration in policy-making.
The Philippine Government has done extensive efforts in promoting equity and inclusiveness. The Constitution makes it as one of its state policies the promotion of social justice. Pursuant to this, the Congress has enacted social legislations like the Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Law which aims at freeing the farmer tenants from the bondage of the soil. Also, representation in the Congress, under the party list system, is constitutionally mandated to have sectoral representation of the underprivileged.
Gender and Development programs are in the process of being integrated with the various structures and institutions in the country.
But legislation is one thing; implementation is another. It is in the faithful implementation of these laws that the country failed. Inequality is especially felt in the justice system, electoral system, and even in the bureaucracy itself. Consensus Oriented - Governance is consensus oriented when decisions are made after taking into consideration the different viewpoints of the actors of the society.
Among the things done by the Philippines in promoting a consensus oriented governance are: 1 creation of a wide-based of representation in the Congress; 2 a two-tiered legislature or bicameralism which subjects legislation to the evaluation of national and district legislators; and 3 necessity of public hearings or consultations of various governmental policies and actions. It is based on the principle that every person or group is responsible for their actions most especially when their acts affect public interest.
Political accountability refers to the accountability of public officials to the people they represent. Hierarchical accountability refers to the ordered accountability of the various agencies and their respective officers and personnel in relation to their program objectives.
Managerial accountability refers to employee accountability based on organization and individual performance. The Philippines in the recent years had endeavored to comply with the requirements of accountability.
It had put in action the concept of political accountability as it held answerable erring public officials involved in graft and corruption and for acts contrary to the mandate of the constitution. It had also strengthened parliamentary scrutiny through legislative investigations and creation of special committees exercising oversight functions.
The Office of the Ombudsman, considered as the public watchdog, has become ever so active in investigating and prosecuting graft and plunders cases. In this area, Philippine governance has done relatively well. The Philippines is plagued by bad governance. Based on the six dimensions of governance in the Worldwide Governance Indicators WGI , it ranks in the lower half of the percentile.
The decline of trust on the actors of governance and the consequential poor economic condition were brought about by the systemic corruption among and between public officials and private organizations. In , it ranked 94th among countries in the Corruption Perception Index.
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Philippine Politics and Governance [Full Text]
The purpose of this study is to investigate the phenomena of political dynasties in Indonesia and its effect on local government performance. Moreover, this study also examines the moderating role of good public governance on the relationship between political dynasties and local government performance. We use paired matched sample from local government in Indonesia during The result shows that political dynasties negatively affect local government performance. Good public governance is proven to weaken the negative effect of political dynasties on the local government performance.
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Philippine Politics and Governance [Full Text]
Editor-in-Chief Dr. The journal is a primary outlet for those doing empirical work on relations of power and powerlessness. The Journal welcomes empirical analysis of the process whereby globalization, ethnicity, nationalism, war and gender are central to the constitution of power, whether conceptualized as domination or empowerment. The JPPG encourages cutting edge research, and informed commentary regarding all aspects of national, state, and local government, electoral politics, and public policy formation and implementation. Drawing on its editors, its diverse editorial board, and an international network of scholars, practitioners, journalists, policymakers, and officeholders, JPPG provides timely insights and historical and comparative perspective on issues ranging from legislative and electoral concerns to tax and social welfare policy, the courts, campaign finance, and the changing role and character of political media.
Php Availability date:. The minimum purchase order quantity for the product is 1. Add to cart. SKU: SU Condition: New product. I was not a fan of politics myself and had tried avoiding the topic when I was teaching in basic education.
As we are embarking on the enhancement of the K to 12 Basic Education Curriculum, our country is facing a bold metamorphosis. Change is coming and we are fortunate to be able to play a part in this change. Quality learners, quality content, quality processes, and quality outcomes are expedient ingredients quality education UNICEF, In our time teachers in the senior high school level have major challenges.
The politics of the Philippines take place in an organized framework of a presidential , representative, and democratic republic whereby the president is both the head of state and the head of government within a pluriform multi-party system. This system revolves around three separate and sovereign yet interdependent branches : the legislative branch, the executive branch, and the judicial branch. Executive power is exercised by the government under the leadership of the president. Legislative power is vested in both the government and the bicameral Congress : the Senate the upper house and the House of Representatives the lower house. Judicial power is vested in the courts with the Supreme Court of the Philippines as the highest judicial body.
PDF | Noel M. Morada and Teresa S. Encarnacion Tadem. (eds.). Philippine Politics and Governance: An Introduction, pages and Teresa.