What is d difference between communication and language pdf
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- Language vs. Communication: They’re Not the Same Thing
- What is Communication?
- Difference Between Language and Communication
- Language acquisition
Differences between human language and animal communication. If someone asked you what separates humans from other animals, one of the first things that would probably come to mind is language. Language is so fundamental to human life that it's hard to imagine what life would be like without it.
Abstract: Globalization and communication technology are bringing the world closer together in a global village, including language barriers. The things that prevent us from understanding each other's constitute a common challenge to individuals, groups, international companies, governments, nations, and the whole world. This qualitative study aimed at exploring the factors that cause language barriers, their types, and their impact on effective communication and our life as well as ways to make people aware of the importance of overcoming them. The study concluded that language or semantic barriers arise from different subjects such as meanings and uses of words, symbols, images, gestures, languages and dialects.
Language vs. Communication: They’re Not the Same Thing
Ask any professional speaker or speech writer, and they will tell you that language matters. In fact, some of the most important and memorable lines in American history came from speeches given by American presidents:. McClure, A. Philadelphia, PA: The J. Winston Company. Quoted in Bartlett, J. Kaplan, Ed. Speak softly and carry a big stick.
Roosevelt, T. Speech at Minnesota State Fair. The only thing we have to fear is fear itself. Roosevelt, F. Ask not what your country can do for you; ask what you can do for your country.
Kennedy, J. Inaugural address. We lose ourselves when we compromise the very ideals that we fight to defend. And we honor those ideals by upholding them not when it's easy, but when it is hard. Obama, B. Remarks at the acceptance of the Nobel Peace Prize. Spoken language has always existed prior to written language. Human communication in everyday life: Explanations and applications. Furthermore, of the more than six thousand languages that are spoken around the world today, only a minority of them actually use a written alphabet.
Lewis, M. Ethnologue 16th ed. Language Any formal system of gestures, signs, sounds, or symbols, used or conceived as a means of communicating thought.
As mentioned above, there are over six thousand language schemes currently in use around the world. The language spoken by the greatest number of people on the planet is Mandarin; other widely spoken languages are English, Spanish, and Arabic. Some linguists go so far as to suggest that the acquisition of language skills is the primary advancement that enabled our prehistoric ancestors to flourish and succeed over other hominid species. Mayell, H.
When did "modern" behavior emerge in humans? National Geographic News. Using language effectively also will improve your ability to be an effective public speaker. One of the first components necessary for understanding language is to understand how we assign meaning to words. Words consist of sounds oral and shapes written that have agreed-upon meanings based in concepts, ideas, and memories. You could also say that the color in question is an equal mixture of both red and green light.
When people think about language, there are two different types of meanings that people must be aware of: denotative and connotative. Denotative meaning The common agreed-upon meaning of a word that is often found in dictionaries. We sometimes refer to denotative meanings as dictionary definitions. The first dictionary was written by Robert Cawdry in and was called Table Alphabeticall.
This dictionary of the English language consisted of three thousand commonly spoken English words. Today, the Oxford English Dictionary contains more than , words. Oxford University Press. How many words are there in the English language? We also associate the color blue with the sky and the ocean.
There are also various forms of blue: aquamarine, baby blue, navy blue, royal blue, and so on. Some miscommunication can occur over denotative meanings of words. For example, one of the authors of this book recently received a flyer for a tennis center open house. The expressed goal was to introduce children to the game of tennis.
The confusion over denotative meaning probably hurt the tennis center, as some parents left the event feeling they had been misled by the flyer. Although denotatively based misunderstanding such as this one do happen, the majority of communication problems involving language occur because of differing connotative meanings. The potential for misunderstanding based in connotative meaning is an additional reason why audience analysis, discussed earlier in this book, is critically important.
By conducting effective audience analysis, you can know in advance how your audience might respond to the connotations of the words and ideas you present. Connotative meanings can not only differ between individuals interacting at the same time but also differ greatly across time periods and cultures. Ultimately, speakers should attempt to have a working knowledge of how their audiences could potentially interpret words and ideas to minimize the chance of miscommunication.
A second important aspect to understand about language is that oral language used in public speaking and written language used for texts does not function the same way. Try a brief experiment. Take a textbook, maybe even this one, and read it out loud. When the text is read aloud, does it sound conversational? Probably not.
Public speaking, on the other hand, should sound like a conversation. McCroskey, Wrench, and Richmond highlighted the following twelve differences that exist between oral and written language:.
These differences exist primarily because people listen to and read information differently. Second, when you read information, if you do not understand a concept, you can look up the concept in a dictionary or online and gain the knowledge easily.
Therefore, oral communication should be simple enough to be easily understood in the moment by a specific audience, without additional study or information. When considering how to use language effectively in your speech, consider the degree to which the language is appropriate, vivid, inclusive, and familiar.
The next sections define each of these aspects of language and discuss why each is important in public speaking. As with anything in life, there are positive and negative ways of using language.
One of the first concepts a speaker needs to think about when looking at language use is appropriateness. By appropriate, we mean whether the language is suitable or fitting for ourselves, as the speaker; our audience; the speaking context; and the speech itself.
One of the first questions to ask yourself is whether the language you plan on using in a speech fits with your own speaking pattern. Not all language choices are appropriate for all speakers. The language you select should be suitable for you, not someone else. One of the biggest mistakes novice speakers make is thinking that they have to use million-dollar words because it makes them sound smarter.
Also, it may be difficult for you or the audience to understand the nuances of meaning when you use such words, so using them can increase the risk of denotative or connotative misunderstandings. The second aspect of appropriateness asks whether the language you are choosing is appropriate for your specific audience.
On the other hand, if you use that engineering vocabulary in a public speaking class, many audience members will not understand you. In other chapters of this book, we have explained the importance of audience analysis; once again, audience analysis is a key factor in choosing the language to use in a speech. The next question about appropriateness is whether the language you will use is suitable or fitting for the context itself. Recall that the speaking context includes the occasion, the time of day, the mood of the audience, and other factors in addition to the physical location.
Take the entire speaking context into consideration when you make the language choices for your speech. The fourth and final question about the appropriateness of language involves whether the language is appropriate for your specific topic. As another example, if your speech topic is the dual residence model of string theory, it makes sense to expect that you will use more sophisticated language than if your topic was a basic introduction to the physics of, say, sound or light waves.
After appropriateness, the second main guideline for using language is to use vivid language. Vivid language Language that helps a listener create strong, distinct, or clearly perceptible mental images. Good vivid language usage helps an audience member truly understand and imagine what a speaker is saying. Two common ways to make your speaking more vivid are through the use of imagery and rhythm. Imagery The use of language to represent objects, actions, or ideas.
The goal of imagery is to help an audience member create a mental picture of what a speaker is saying.
Three common tools of imagery are concreteness, simile, and metaphor. When we use language that is concrete Language that helps an audience see specific realities or actual instances instead of abstract theories and ideas. The goal of concreteness is to help you, as a speaker, show your audience something instead of just telling them.
You could easily stand up and talk about the philosophical work of Rudolf Steiner, who divided the ideas of freedom into freedom of thought and freedom of action. For example, you could talk about how Afghani women under Taliban rule have been denied access to education, and how those seeking education have risked public flogging and even execution.
Iacopino, V. The Taliban's war on women: A health and human rights crisis in Afghanistan. You could further illustrate how Afghani women under the Taliban are forced to adhere to rigid interpretations of Islamic law that functionally limit their behavior. As illustrations of the two freedoms discussed by Steiner, these examples make things more concrete for audience members and thus easier to remember.
Ultimately, the goal of concreteness is to show an audience something instead of talking about it abstractly. As you probably learned in English courses, a simile is a figure of speech in which two unlike things are explicitly compared.
What is Communication?
These allow it to be understood by others. Those that understand the language are part of a community. This is true for both verbal and non-verbal language. Being able to communicate is not the same as having language. Having language means that you are able to communicate in such a way that others understand you. Language becomes more powerful when understood by a wider community than just those closest to you. Power grows when you can communicate for more reasons to more people.
Difference Between Language and Communication
While communication refers to the interchange of message or information from one person to another, either verbally or non-verbally. On the other hand, language is a human communication method or the system through which two people interact. It is used in a particular region or community, for imparting a message, to each other, with the use of words.
We use either or both of them to mean speaking person to person. However, there is a distinct dichotomy between the two terms— language vs. In a very real sense, every living thing communicates in some way. Fish jump, sometimes for sheer joy. Birds sing their cadences to communicate a variety of purposes, many of them doubtlessly unknown to us.
Language acquisition is the process by which humans acquire the capacity to perceive and comprehend language in other words, gain the ability to be aware of language and to understand it , as well as to produce and use words and sentences to communicate. Language acquisition involves structures, rules and representation. The capacity to use language successfully requires one to acquire a range of tools including phonology , morphology , syntax , semantics , and an extensive vocabulary. Language can be vocalized as in speech, or manual as in sign. Even though human language capacity is finite, one can say and understand an infinite number of sentences, which is based on a syntactic principle called recursion. Evidence suggests that every individual has three recursive mechanisms that allow sentences to go indeterminately. These three mechanisms are: relativization , complementation and coordination.